Chemistry and CBC Profiles
Morris Veterinary Center has a wide range of state-of-the-art diagnostic equipment on site which is used to provide optimal wellness care for your animals and to provide immediate diagnostics when indicated.
A veterinary chemistry profile includes tests for multiple chemical constituents within one blood sample. The quantities of these chemicals in the blood indicate how the various organs of the body are functioning.
Blood testing can frequently detect illness before we see any outward signs of disease, or aid the veterinarian in making a diagnosis and designing an effective treatment plan for your animal. The following is a very simplified breakdown of what the individual tests evaluate.
Total Protein and Albumin measure the liver's ability to produce protein, loss of protein, and lack of digestion or absorption of protein. TP is also an indication of dehydration.
Alkaline Phosphatase is a non-specific liver test. It includes other systems such as bone, hormonal, and digestive.
AST is a specific test for liver cell death. Liver cells live, die, and are replaced by new cells. An increase in this value may indicate liver cell death, but it does not determine the cause of the liver cell death.
Urea Nitrogen and Creatinine are tests for kidney function.
Calcium and Phosphorus screen for diet, digestion, or absorption disorders, as well as some cancers and hormonal diseases. These tests are particularly helpful when diagnosing hypocalcemia (milk fever) in dairy cows.
Glucose is a test for blood sugar. Elevated levels may indicate stress or diabetes.
Total Bilirubin measures the body's level of bilirubin, a yellow pigment that is produced when red blood cells break. This is the pigment that causes jaundice. An elevated bilirubin level usually indicates red blood cell destruction or the inability of the liver to clear the pigment from the body.
Sodium, Potassium, and Chloride are electrolytes. They reflect the entire body's chemistry, hormonal systems, acid/base balance, diet and others.
Complete Blood Count is a series of ten measurements of various blood cells. Red cell count may indicate anemia or blood loss; white cell count helps determine viral versus bacterial infection. It can also indicate inflammation, stress, and other abnormalities. Platelet count is important if bleeding or clotting disorders are suspected.