Chemistry Profiles and CBC
Morris Veterinary Center has a wide range of state-of-the-art diagnostic equipment on site which they use to provide optimal wellness care for your pet and to provide immediate diagnostic care when your pet becomes ill.
Blood Chemistry Analyzer
A veterinary chemistry profile includes tests for multiple chemical constituents within one blood sample. The quantities of these chemicals in the blood indicate how the various organs of the body are functioning.
The General Health Profile will measure blood glucose, cholesterol, calcium and protein levels, kidney function, liver function, some mineral levels and electrolyte levels.
The Pre-Anesthetic Profile measures blood glucose and protein levels as well as liver and kidney function. It lets us know if anesthesia is safe for your pet and it helps us determine the safest anesthesia protocol for your pet. Any concerns about the test results can be addressed before the surgery, or the procedure may be rescheduled pending treatment of a condition revealed by the blood tests.
A Geriatric Profile is offered for older pets depending on age, breed and general health. The purpose of the tests is to identify silent conditions that might exist so that an early cure or a long-term management plan can be instituted, thereby extending the life of the pet and preventing debilitating illness.
All of these profiles aid the veterinarian in making a diagnosis and designing an effective treatment plan for your pet. Blood testing can frequently detect illness in your pet before we see any outward signs of disease. Early detection means earlier prevention and treatment. Testing healthy pets during wellness visits gives us your pet's normal baseline values for future comparison. Most healthy animals have at least one abnormal result on a profile. This is statistically normal. Tests measure multiple body systems and are interrelated with each other. Your veterinarian's interpretation of results takes all of this information into account. The following is a very simplified breakdown of what the individual tests evaluate.
Total Protein and Albumin measure the liver's ability to produce protein, loss of protein, and lack of digestion or absorption of protein. TP is also an indication of dehydration.
Alkaline Phosphatase is a non-specific liver test. High levels may indicate changes in other systems such as skeletal, hormonal and digestive. 50% of normal older dogs will have an elevated ALKP. Any increase in ALKP level in cats is abnormal.
ALT/SGPT is a specific test for liver cell death. Liver cells live, die, and are replaced by new cells. An increase in this value may indicate liver cell death, but it does not determine the cause of the liver cell death.
Amylase is an enzyme produced by the pancreas. An increased amylase level may indicate, but does not diagnose, pancreatitis.
Urea Nitrogen and Creatinine are tests for kidney function.
Calcium and Phosphorus screen for diet, digestion, or absorption disorders, as well as some cancers and hormonal diseases.
Cholesterol, while non-specific alone, helps indicate several disorders. For example, hypothyroid dogs often have elevated cholesterol levels.
Glucose is a test for blood sugar. Elevated levels may indicate stress or diabetes.
Total Bilirubin measures the body's level of bilirubin, a yellow pigment that is produced when red blood cells break down. This is the pigment that causes jaundice. An elevated bilirubin level usually indicates red blood cell destruction or the inability of the liver to clear the pigment from the body.
Sodium, Potassium, and Chloride are electrolytes. They reflect the entire body's chemistry, hormonal systems, acid/base balance, diet and other body systems.
Complete Blood Count is a series of ten measurements of various blood cells. Red cell count may indicate anemia or blood loss; white cell count helps determine viral versus bacterial infection. It can also indicate inflammation, stress, and other abnormalities. Platelet count is important if bleeding or clotting disorders are suspected.