Neutering Your Pet
The Neuter Surgery
Neutering is performed under general anesthesia. Your pet's scrotum will be shaved and cleansed, and an incision will be made. A surgical laser is used instead of a scalpel to minimize pain and bleeding at the incision site. The veterinarian will remove both testicles and tie off the spermatic cords. Following neuter surgery, your pet will no longer produce sperm and he will have lower testosterone levels. Although neutering is very routine, it still carries the risks associated with general anesthesia and surgery. Your veterinarian takes numerous measures to keep your pet safe, such as checking his heart and lungs before administering anesthesia and monitoring him constantly while he is asleep.
The normal behavior of an un-neutered pet is often incompatible with being a household pet. Urine marking and some types of aggression are more pronounced in un-neutered pets. Although neutering may not entirely eliminate these behaviors, it can diminish them by 50-90%. Intact male pets suffer from a higher incidence of inflammation and enlargement of the prostate, as well as testicular tumors. Neutering your pet will greatly cut down on the incidence of reproductive related cancers. The final benefit of neutering is that it isthe best way you can help prevent pet overpopulation.
Considerations Before Surgery
Traditionally, pets are neutered at around six months of age. The night before his surgery, remove his food after supper. He should not eat anything during the night or the morning of the procedure. Drinking water is allowed. Keep in mind his recovery time of up to 2 weeks when planning vacations, hunting etc.
Whenever anesthesia is needed, special considerations are taken to help ensure the safety of your pet. Your veterinarian will thoroughly examine your pet to make sure he's healthy enough to undergo anesthesia. Depending on your pet's age and general physical condition, your veterinarian may also run blood, urine, and x-ray tests to check for any dangerous heart, kidney, or other conditions.
Though there is some risk associated with any medical procedure, modern anesthesia is usually safe, even for older pets.
During anesthesia, the monitoring and recording of your pet's vital signs (such as body temperature, heart rate, and respiration, as well as other important factors) is important. This helps ensure the safety of your pet while undergoing anesthesia.
Considerations After Surgery
Your pet will stay in the hospital overnight. When he goes home he may still seem tired. Keep him indoors, in a warm, safe, quiet room away from other pets. During the first week after surgery, restrict his activity level: no running, jumping, or rough play. Some pets develop a swollen or slightly bruised scrotal area following neuter surgery. Some swelling is normal, but don't be afraid to ask us if you are concerned about your pet. It is very important to keep him from licking at his incision.